Horticulturist: What Is It and How to Become

Horticulturist: What Is It and How to Become

If you have a love for plants and gardens, becoming a horticulturist may be the perfect career choice for you. Not only will you have the opportunity to work with beautiful flora every day, but you will also be able to share your knowledge and passion with others who have the same love for nature.

A career in horticulture does not require a typical 9-to-5 office job. Instead, you will be working outdoors, getting your hands dirty and helping to create and maintain stunning gardens and arboretums. Whether you pursue a job as a garden manager, horticulturist, or nursery worker, the possibilities within the field of horticulture are endless.

To become a horticulturist, there are a few steps you will need to take. First and foremost, education is key. Although some horticulturists may have started out as self-taught hobbyists, having a degree in horticulture or a related field will better your chances of landing a desirable job. Many colleges and universities offer horticulture-related programs and courses, so be sure to do your research to find the best fit for you.

In addition to formal education, gaining hands-on experience is also important. Volunteering at local gardens or arboretums can provide you with the opportunity to work alongside experienced horticultural professionals and learn the ins and outs of the industry. It also shows potential employers that you are passionate and dedicated to pursuing a career in horticulture.

Once you have the education and experience under your belt, it’s time to start applying for jobs. Horticulture-related positions can be found in a variety of settings, including botanical gardens, nurseries, and even famous gardens and parks. The duties and titles vary, so consider what type of horticulture work you are most interested in and tailor your job search accordingly.

It’s worth noting that the outlook for horticulture professionals is quite promising. With an increasing interest in sustainable and organic gardening, as well as the need for professionals to help combat environmental challenges, the demand for horticulturists is likely to keep growing. Salaries for horticulturists can range from an hourly wage for entry-level positions to a higher salary for more experienced and advanced roles.

If you love the outdoors and have a passion for plants, pursuing a career in horticulture may be the right path for you. Just keep in mind that becoming a horticulturist does require dedication, education, and hands-on experience. But with the right steps and a love for all things green, you can turn your passion into a rewarding career.

Exploring the World of Horticulture

The Many Branches of Horticulture

Horticulture is a diverse field that offers a variety of specializations to choose from. Whether you are interested in landscape design, plant breeding, garden management, or even urban farming, there is a branch of horticulture that will suit your interests and career goals. By selecting a specific branch of horticulture, you can focus your studies and work towards becoming an expert in that particular field.

Why Pursue a Career in Horticulture?

There are many reasons why pursuing a career in horticulture is a wise choice. First and foremost, horticulture is a field that allows you to work with nature and make a positive impact on the environment. As a horticulturalist, you will have the opportunity to create and maintain beautiful gardens, parks, and landscapes that provide a habitat for plants and animals alike.

In addition, horticulture is a field that is always in demand. With the world’s growing population and the increasing need for sustainable food production, horticulturalists are needed now more than ever. From working in agriculture to managing public green spaces, there are countless job opportunities available in the field of horticulture.

How to Become a Horticulturist

If you are contemplating a career in horticulture, there are a few steps you can take to pursue your passion. First, it is recommended to earn a degree or certificate in horticulture-related fields. Many colleges and universities offer programs in horticulture, landscape design, or agricultural sciences. These programs will provide you with the necessary knowledge and skills to succeed in the field.

In some cases, a formal education may not be required, especially if you have previous experience or knowledge in the field. However, earning a degree or certificate can greatly enhance your chances of finding a rewarding career in horticulture.

See also Animal Caretaker: What Is It and How to Become

The Rewards of a Career in Horticulture

A career in horticulture can be personally and professionally rewarding. In addition to working with plants and nature, horticulturalists often have the satisfaction of seeing the fruits of their labor come to life. Whether it’s a well-maintained garden or a successful harvest, the results of your hard work can be truly fulfilling.

Furthermore, horticulturists are in a prime position to contribute to the field of research and innovation. With a focus on plant nutrition, genetics, and sustainable practices, horticulture plays a crucial role in finding solutions to global challenges such as food security and environmental sustainability.

In terms of salary, horticulturalists can earn a competitive income. The exact salary will depend on factors such as education, experience, and the specific field of horticulture. According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, the median annual wage for agricultural and food scientists, which includes horticulturists, was $65,160 in May 2020.

For more information and resources on pursuing a career in horticulture, please visit our website or contact us. We are here to help guide you through the process and provide helpful information on the different fields and opportunities within horticulture.

Acquiring the Necessary Education and Skills

There are various educational pathways to consider. Some horticulture-related courses can be taken at community colleges and vocational schools, while others offer horticultural degrees at universities. The choice depends on your goals and preferences.


At a community college or vocational school, you could obtain a certificate or an associate degree in horticulture after a two-year program. This option is a good fit if you are looking for a shorter time commitment or prefer a hands-on approach.

Universities, on the other hand, offer bachelor’s degrees in horticulture. These programs typically take four years to complete and provide a more in-depth understanding of the field. You will study subjects like plant biology, soil science, plant propagation, and landscape design.

In addition to college programs, apprenticeships can also help you gain practical experience. By working under the supervision of experienced horticulturists, you can learn valuable skills on the job.


To become a successful horticulturist, you need a combination of specialized knowledge and practical skills. Here are some of the skills that are essential in this profession:

Plant knowledge: A good understanding of plant biology, growth patterns, and their specific requirements is crucial.

Landscape design: Being able to create visually pleasing and functional outdoor spaces is valuable for horticulturists who work in gardens or on landscapes.

Nursery and propagation: Knowing how to propagate plants and maintain a nursery is important for horticulturists who work in plant production.

Problem-solving: Horticulturists often face challenges like pest infestations, diseases, or soil problems. Being able to identify and solve these issues is essential.

Communication: Excellent communication skills are necessary when working with clients, colleagues, and supervisors. Being able to explain horticultural concepts and ideas clearly is important.

Career Prospects and Salary

A career in horticulture can vary greatly depending on the chosen branch. Some horticulturists work in research and development, while others focus on landscaping or managing public gardens. Other fields include plant breeding, arboriculture, and plant pathology.

Salaries for horticulturists can also range depending on factors such as education, experience, and location. On average, horticulturists earn a salary of around $46,000 per year. However, salaries can be as small as $26,000 or as high as $70,000 and beyond.

When considering a career as a horticulturist, it is important to ponder the different career openings available and the requirements they involve. A college degree or relevant work experience is typically required, and internships can be a great way to gain practical skills and make connections in the industry.

Gaining Practical Experience through Internships and Apprenticeships

Internships and apprenticeships are available in various organizations, including arboretums, botanical gardens, and landscaping companies, among others. They typically require a minimum of a high school degree, although some may ask for a college education in horticulture or a related field.

Internships provide hands-on experience in various aspects of horticulture, such as planting, cultivation, propagation, and fruit harvesting. They can range in duration from a few weeks to several months, depending on the organization and the individual’s availability. Many internships are unpaid, but they offer valuable learning opportunities and can lead to future job prospects or recommendatory letters.

Apprenticeships, on the other hand, are an alternative path for gaining practical experience. While they may require more time commitment, apprenticeships often provide a more structured training program with a focus on specific skills and knowledge. Apprenticeships can be found in various horticultural specialties, such as landscape construction, irrigation, or floral design.

Both internships and apprenticeships provide valuable networking opportunities, allowing individuals to connect with professionals in the industry. This can be helpful for future job searches and may even lead to job offers. In some cases, internships and apprenticeships can also offer insight into the differences and similarities between various horticultural professions, helping individuals to determine which career path they would like to pursue.

See also How To Work in Nature Conservation Without a Science Degree

Furthermore, gaining practical experience through internships and apprenticeships can also help individuals to make wise career choices. It provides real-world exposure to the challenges and rewards of the horticulture profession, helping individuals to determine if it is the right fit for them.

In summary, internships and apprenticeships can be a valuable stepping stone on the path to becoming a horticulturist. They provide hands-on experience, networking opportunities, and insights into different horticultural professions. Whether one pursues an internship or apprenticeship, the practical experience gained is invaluable and can greatly contribute to a rewarding career in horticulture.

Nurturing a Passion for Plants, Landscaping, and Green Spaces

One of the best ways to get started is by volunteering. Many organizations, such as botanic gardens, arboretums, and horticultural societies, offer volunteer programs that allow you to gain practical experience in the field. Volunteering not only provides you with hands-on experience, but it also allows you to network with experienced horticulturists and learn from their expertise.

If you’re looking to take your horticultural skills to the next level, you may consider pursuing a degree or certification in horticulture. While not always required, having a formal education in horticulture can open up new career opportunities and make you a more competitive candidate in the job market. Many universities and colleges offer horticultural programs, including courses in plant science, landscape construction, and plant pathology.

Another route to becoming a horticulturist is through on-the-job training or apprenticeships. Working as an assistant to an experienced gardener or horticulturist can provide you with valuable insights into the profession. This hands-on experience will help you develop the practical skills needed to succeed in horticulture.

When it comes to finding job openings, there are several resources to consider. Online job boards, professional horticulture associations, and networking events are all great places to start your search. It’s also a good idea to keep an eye out for seasonal job openings, as horticultural work tends to have high demand during certain times of the year.

Recommended Education and Skills

While there isn’t a one-size-fits-all path to becoming a horticulturist, there are some recommended education and skills to consider. A degree in horticulture, botany, or a related field is often preferred by employers. However, some positions may only require a high school diploma or GED, coupled with relevant work experience.

In addition to formal education, horticulturists need a variety of skills including plant knowledge, problem-solving abilities, and teamwork skills. Attention to detail and strong communication skills are also important when working with clients or managing a team.

Career Paths and Salary

Horticulture offers a wide range of career paths, each with its own unique set of responsibilities and required qualifications. Some common career titles in horticulture include nursery manager, botanical garden director, landscape designer, and plant breeder. The salary range for horticulturists can vary depending on factors such as experience, job title, and location. However, horticulturists typically earn a competitive salary.

If you have a passion for plants and a desire to work with nature, a career in horticulture could be the perfect fit for you. Whether you choose to pursue a degree, gain experience through volunteering, or pursue other routes, nurturing your passion for plants and green spaces can lead to a rewarding and fulfilling career in the horticultural field.

Embracing the Challenges and Opportunities in the Horticulture Industry

Challenges in the Horticulture Industry

One of the challenges that horticulturists may face is the need for a degree in the field. While not all positions require a degree, having one can provide useful knowledge and skills that will set you apart from other applicants. Some colleges and universities offer horticulture courses that teach the fundamentals of plant care, nutrition, and propagation. Whether you choose to pursue an apprenticeship or an advanced degree, having a solid education in horticulture can open doors to a wider range of job opportunities.

Another challenge is the physical nature of the work. Horticulture can be demanding, requiring long hours of physical labor. If you’re not afraid to get your hands dirty and enjoy working outdoors, then this may be a perfect fit for you. However, if physical labor is not your preference, there are still opportunities in horticulture that involve more managerial or research-oriented duties.

Opportunities in the Horticulture Industry

The horticulture industry provides a variety of opportunities for those who are passionate about plants and the natural world. Whether you are interested in planting beautiful flowers, growing fruits and vegetables, or propagating rare species, there is something for everyone.

Salaries in the horticulture industry can vary greatly depending on factors such as education, experience, and location. According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, the average salary for a horticulturist is around $50,000 per year. However, those with advanced degrees and specialized knowledge may earn higher salaries.

See also Plant Scientist: What Is It and How to Become

So, if you are considering a career in horticulture, don’t be deterred by the challenges. Embrace them as opportunities for growth and learning. Pursuing a degree in horticulture, gaining hands-on experience, and staying up to date with the latest information through magazines and professional development courses are recommended routes to success in this field. Remember, horticulture is not just a job, it is a way of life that allows you to connect with nature and make a positive impact on the world around you.

Why is Horticulture a Big Deal

One of the key reasons why horticulture is important is that it requires a unique set of skills and knowledge. Horticulturists don’t just work with plants; they also need to understand soil science, plant nutrition, and pest management. This multidisciplinary approach makes horticulture a true science, combining elements of botany, olericulture, and even nutrition.

Another reason why horticulture is a big deal is that it offers a wide range of career opportunities. Depending on your interests, you can pursue a job as a garden designer, landscape architect, farm manager, or even a horticulture supervisor. The possibilities are endless, and with the right degree or apprenticeship, you can find fulfilling work in this field.

Not only does horticulture provide job opportunities, but it also allows you to work outdoors and connect with nature. If you enjoy spending time in the fresh air and have a passion for gardening, horticulture is the perfect career choice for you. You can spend your days tending to plants, designing beautiful landscapes, and making a positive impact on the environment.

What’s even more remarkable about horticulture is that it’s a field that continues to evolve and innovate. As new technologies and techniques emerge, horticulturists need to stay up-to-date and embrace these advancements. From online resources and courses to continuing education programs, there are plenty of opportunities to keep growing as a horticulturist.

The Growing Demand for Sustainable and Locally Sourced Food

In order to meet this demand, horticulturists work in various settings, including small-scale organic farms, community gardens, and urban agriculture projects. They work closely with farmers and gardeners to help them grow food crops that are not only nutritious, but also environmentally friendly. Horticulturists utilize their knowledge in plant propagation, pest management, and soil health to ensure the production of high-quality food.

Education and Experience Requirements

So, if you’re wondering what it takes to become a horticulturist and help meet the demand for sustainable and locally sourced food, here’s what you need to know:

  • Educational Requirements: While a college degree is not always a requirement, most horticulture positions prefer candidates with formal training in the field. Colleges and universities offer degrees in horticulture, which cover topics such as plant science, soils, and pest management.
  • Alternative Routes: For those who don’t have a college degree, there are alternative routes to becoming a horticulturist. Many experienced horticulturists have earned their knowledge through hands-on experience, volunteering, and internships. These routes can be just as valuable in gaining the necessary skills and knowledge.

Work Opportunities

Once you have the required education and/or experience, you can pursue various work opportunities in horticulture. Some of the common job roles include:

  • Horticultural Manager: In this role, you would be responsible for overseeing the daily operations of a horticultural facility, such as a nursery or greenhouse. This involves managing the propagation of plants, supervising staff, and ensuring the overall success of the facility.
  • Plant Breeder: Plant breeding is a specialized field of horticulture that involves selecting and producing new plant varieties. Plant breeders use their knowledge of genetics to create plants that have desirable traits, such as resistance to pests or improved flavor.
  • Horticultural Therapist: Horticultural therapy is an emerging field that uses plants and gardening activities to improve the physical and mental well-being of individuals. As a horticultural therapist, you would work with diverse populations, including seniors, individuals with disabilities, and people with mental health issues.

Regardless of which work opportunity you choose to pursue, horticulture offers a rewarding career path that allows you to make a positive impact on the environment and people’s lives. So, if you have a love for plants and a desire to contribute to the growing demand for sustainable and locally sourced food, a career in horticulture may be the perfect fit for you!


What is horticulture?

Horticulture is the science and art of cultivating plants for human use. It involves the production and management of fruits, vegetables, flowers, and ornamental plants.

What are the steps to becoming a horticulturist?

The steps to becoming a horticulturist include obtaining a degree in horticulture or a related field, gaining experience through internships or entry-level positions, developing a strong knowledge of plants and their care, and continuing education and professional development throughout your career.

What degrees are available in horticulture?

There are various degrees available in horticulture, including associate’s degrees, bachelor’s degrees, and master’s degrees. Some universities also offer doctoral programs in horticulture. These programs cover a wide range of topics, including plant biology, plant propagation, pest management, and landscape design.

What is the salary of a horticulturist?

The salary of a horticulturist can vary depending on factors such as experience, level of education, and location. On average, horticulturists earn between $35,000 and $60,000 per year. Those with advanced degrees and extensive experience may earn higher salaries.

What is the job outlook for horticulturists?

The job outlook for horticulturists is generally positive. With the increasing interest in sustainable agriculture and landscaping, there is a growing demand for professionals who can work in horticulture. Additionally, as the population continues to grow, there will be a need for horticulturists to help meet the demand for food production.

What is horticulture?

Horticulture is the art and science of plant cultivation. It involves the study of plants, soil, and their relationship with the environment.

Dave Pennells

By Dave Pennells

Dave Pennells, MS, has contributed his expertise as a career consultant and training specialist across various fields for over 15 years. At City University of Seattle, he offers personal career counseling and conducts workshops focused on practical job search techniques, resume creation, and interview skills. With a Master of Science in Counseling, Pennells specializes in career consulting, conducting career assessments, guiding career transitions, and providing outplacement services. Her professional experience spans multiple sectors, including banking, retail, airlines, non-profit organizations, and the aerospace industry. Additionally, since 2001, he has been actively involved with the Career Development Association of Australia.