Organic Farmer: What Is It and How to Become

Organic Farmer: What Is It and How to Become

If you’re interested in sustainable farming and want to become an organic farmer, you’re in the right place. In today’s world, where the health and well-being of the Earth and its inhabitants are increasingly becoming a concern, organic farming has gained significant popularity. By following specific practices and certifications, organic farmers ensure that the products they grow and sell are free from conventional pesticides and other harmful chemicals.

Before you begin your journey to become an organic farmer, it’s important to understand the requirements and commitments associated with this type of farming. While you don’t need formal degrees or programs to start, having the necessary skills and training is crucial. Patience, technical knowledge related to farming practices, and a deep understanding of the specific cropland zones are all valuable assets.

In the United States, the USDA offers an organic certification program that farmers can participate in to improve their farming practices. The USDA-accredited certifiers perform audits to ensure that the organic farming standards are met. These third-party audits not only help you gain the USDA organic certification but also send alerts to processors and businesses that use organic ingredients, making it easier for them to source organic products.

When beginning your organic farming journey, it’s essential to have access to land. You can either purchase or lease a farm, depending on your financial planning and commitment level. However, keep in mind that organic farming can be a profitable business, but it might take some time and effort to see the fruits of your labor.

Organic farming is well-suited for those who have a passion for the environment and a desire to improve the health of the land. By adopting sustainable farming practices, you not only contribute to the health of the soil and the surrounding ecosystem but also provide consumers with healthier and more nutritious products.

So, if you’re ready to get your hands-on training and become a certified organic farmer, start by familiarizing yourself with the USDA organic certification standards. Participate in the required training programs, gain the necessary skills, and meet the certification fees. By doing so, you’ll be on your way to running a successful organic farm and contributing to a more sustainable future.

Overview of Organic Farming

The USDA organic seal is the gold standard in organic certifications, and getting this certification means that the farm meets specific requirements outlined by the USDA. These requirements include using only organic methods and materials in production and responsible land stewardship. Becoming certified can be a lengthy process, but it’s well worth the commitment.

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One of the first steps in becoming an organic farmer is to improve your knowledge of organic farming practices. This can be done through personal experience, research, and participation in organic farming programs or organizations. Land-grant universities often have resources and programs available for those looking to get into organic agriculture.

Organic farming requires a whole system approach, meaning that you need to look at the entire farm as a living organism. Taking care of the soil, water, plants, and animals in a holistic way is important for the success of organic farming. Patience is also key, as the transition from conventional farming to organic farming can take time.

While becoming an organic farmer can be challenging, there are many rewards. Organic farming not only benefits the environment and personal health, but it also offers opportunities for career development. The demand for organic products is increasing, and organic farmers can often command a premium for their goods.

When it comes to certifications, there are several options to consider. The USDA organic seal is the most recognized, but there are also other third-party certifiers that offer certifications for specific types of organic production, such as fruits or livestock. Choosing the best certifier for your farm may depend on your specific goals and the type of organic production you’re interested in.

Overall, the journey to becoming an organic farmer takes time, commitment, and hard work. It requires a deep understanding of organic farming practices, the willingness to make the necessary changes, and patience during the transition process. However, with the right resources, support, and personal dedication, anyone can become a successful organic farmer.

Benefits of Organic Farming

  • Specific standards: Organic farming requires farmers to follow specific standards and practices that promote sustainable and environmentally friendly agricultural systems.
  • Healthier production: Organic farming offers a production system that focuses on natural methods without the use of synthetic chemicals, pesticides, or GMOs, resulting in healthier and more nutritious crops and fruits.
  • Certified organic label: By planning and adhering to the requirements set by certifiers, farmers can gain certification and use the USDA-accredited organic label on their products, increasing consumer trust and demand.
  • Financial gain: The organic market often offers premium prices for organic products, making organic farming a potentially profitable venture for farmers willing to invest the time and effort.
  • Educational opportunities: Becoming an organic farmer requires training and hands-on experience. There are various options, such as webinars, USDA-accredited programs, and educational resources that provide the technical knowledge and skills needed to succeed.
  • Environmental responsibility: Organic farming focuses on sustainable practices, reducing soil erosion, improving soil fertility, and conserving water resources, making it a responsible choice for the environment.
  • Support for local communities: Organic farming often emphasizes local market connections, supporting local economies and communities by providing fresh, locally grown produce.
  • Third-party certifications: Organic farming certification involves third-party certifiers who audit farms to ensure compliance with organic standards, further enhancing consumer trust in organic products.
  • Personal satisfaction: Many farmers find satisfaction in growing food in a way that aligns with their values and promotes a healthier, more sustainable food system.
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Steps to Becoming an Organic Farmer

Becoming an organic farmer requires meeting certain requirements and being certified to ensure that you adhere to the standards set by the American organic farming system. If you’re looking to become an organic farmer, here are the steps you can take to get started:

Educational Requirements

To become a certified organic farmer, you don’t necessarily need a formal education. However, having a background in agriculture or related fields can be beneficial. There are various educational programs and alerts that offer valuable information on organic farming practices, which can help you improve your skills and knowledge in the field.

Research and Experimenting

Before you commit to organic farming, it’s important to do your research and gain hands-on experience. This can involve visiting organic farms, attending workshops, and experimenting with small-scale organic farming on your own. By doing so, you can familiarize yourself with the best practices and understand what organic farming really entails.

Get Certified

To sell organic products and use the “Certified Organic” label, you’ll need to obtain organic certification from a third-party certifying agency. This certification process involves meeting specific standards and adhering to federal regulations. It’s important to note that certification can be a lengthy and costly process, but it’s well worth it if you’re committed to organic farming.

Meet Organic Farming Standards

Organic farming standards mean that your farm must follow certain guidelines and practices. This includes using organic-approved fertilizers and pest control methods, practicing responsible land and water management, and avoiding the use of prohibited substances. Organic farming also goes beyond the production process to consider the overall health and well-being of the soil, plants, animals, and the environment as a whole.

Improve Skills and Stay Informed

To stay current with the latest organic farming practices and innovations, it’s important to continuously improve your skills. This can involve attending workshops, joining organic farming networks, and participating in educational programs. Staying informed will help you stay ahead in the ever-evolving field of organic agriculture.

Look for Support and Programs

Starting your own organic farm can be challenging, but there are various support options and programs available. These can include government grants and loans, mentorship programs, and agricultural organizations that provide resources and assistance tailored to organic farmers. Exploring these options can help you get the support you need to succeed.

Educational Path to Organic Farming

Farming Education Options

There are several educational options available for aspiring organic farmers. Organizations like the USDA-accredited organic certifiers offer training programs and certifications specifically tailored to the needs of organic farmers. These programs usually require a combination of classroom instruction, hands-on training, and practical experience on a working farm.

Another option is to pursue a degree in sustainable agriculture or a related field from a college or university. These programs typically cover a range of topics including organic farming practices, soil health, crop production, and business planning. Graduating from a recognized program can provide you with the technical knowledge and skills needed to succeed as an organic farmer.

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Meeting Organic Certification Requirements

If you plan to sell products labeled as organic, it’s important to understand and meet the requirements set by the National Organic Program (NOP). In the United States, the NOP regulates the production, handling, and labeling of organic agricultural products. To become certified, farmers must go through an organic certification process and be inspected by a third-party certifier.

During the certification process, certifiers will assess your farm’s organic practices, record-keeping, and product handling to ensure compliance with the NOP standards. This can include reviewing farm plans, soil test results, and production records. It’s worth noting that organic certification can be a time-consuming and expensive process, but it offers the advantage of higher premiums in the market for organically grown products.

Working with Organic Certifiers

When searching for a certifier, it’s important to choose an organization that is USDA-accredited and has a good reputation within the organic farming community. The certifier you choose will be responsible for reviewing and approving your farm’s organic practices and issuing the organic seal that signifies your compliance with organic standards. They can also provide valuable advice and support throughout the certification process.

Remember, patience is key during the certification process as it can take several years to fully transition to organic farming and earn your certification. However, the time, effort, and financial investment can be worth it in the long run, as organic farming offers numerous benefits, including improved soil health, reduced environmental impact, and the opportunity to meet the growing demand for organic products.

So if you’re considering a career in organic farming, make sure to start with the right education to gain the knowledge and skills needed to succeed in this sustainable and rewarding field.


What is organic farming?

Organic farming is a method of agriculture that relies on sustainable and natural practices, avoiding the use of synthetic chemicals and genetically modified organisms. It emphasizes the use of organic fertilizers and pest control methods, and focuses on maintaining the health and the balance of the soil and the ecosystem.

Is organic farming a profitable business?

Organic farming can be a profitable business, but it depends on various factors such as the size and scale of the farm, the demand for organic products in the market, the efficiency of the farming practices, and the ability to market and sell the products effectively. It may require initial investments and a good business plan, but with the right strategies and management, organic farmers can generate a stable income and contribute to a sustainable food system.

What is organic farming?

Organic farming is a method of agriculture that relies on sustainable practices, avoiding the use of synthetic chemicals, genetically modified organisms (GMOs), antibiotics, or hormones in the production of crops and livestock. It focuses on fostering soil health, crop rotation, biological pest control, and composting to provide nutrients for plants.

Dave Pennells

By Dave Pennells

Dave Pennells, MS, has contributed his expertise as a career consultant and training specialist across various fields for over 15 years. At City University of Seattle, he offers personal career counseling and conducts workshops focused on practical job search techniques, resume creation, and interview skills. With a Master of Science in Counseling, Pennells specializes in career consulting, conducting career assessments, guiding career transitions, and providing outplacement services. Her professional experience spans multiple sectors, including banking, retail, airlines, non-profit organizations, and the aerospace industry. Additionally, since 2001, he has been actively involved with the Career Development Association of Australia.