How to Structure Introductions, Body Paragraphs, and Conclusions for an Argument Paper

How to Structure Introductions, Body Paragraphs, and Conclusions for an Argument Paper

First and foremost, it is important to select a topic that is not only interesting to you, but also relevant and suitable for an argumentative essay. Controversial issues such as immigration, government policies, or the use of animals in medical research can make for compelling and thought-provoking discussions. Once you have identified your topic, the next step is to develop a strong thesis claim that clearly states your position on the matter.

Next, let’s move on to the body paragraphs. The middle part of your essay should be dedicated to presenting and supporting your main arguments. Each body paragraph should focus on a single point or idea and provide evidence, examples, and scholarly research to back it up. You can use pathos, ethos, or logos to appeal to your readers’ emotions, credibility, or logic, respectively. Ensure a smooth transition between paragraphs by using transitional words and phrases, thus creating a cohesive and logical flow of ideas.

Structuring Effective Body Paragraphs

There are several important elements that you should include in each body paragraph to make it effective and compelling. First and foremost, each body paragraph should begin with a topic sentence that clearly states the main point or argument of that paragraph. This topic sentence acts as a guide for the reader, helping them to understand the focus of the paragraph.

After introducing the topic, it is important to provide evidence and examples to support your argument. This can be done by citing scholarly research, providing statistics, or sharing personal anecdotes and stories. Including specific examples and evidence helps to strengthen your argument and make it more convincing to the reader.

Another important aspect of structuring body paragraphs is the use of transitions and logical connections between paragraphs. Transitions help to smoothly guide the reader from one idea to the next, making your argument flow more naturally. This can be done through the use of transitional words and phrases, such as “moreover,” “in addition,” or “on the other hand.”

Finally, it is important to remember to address counterarguments within your body paragraphs. By acknowledging and refuting opposing viewpoints, you strengthen your own argument and show that you have considered alternative perspectives. This demonstrates your ability to think critically and engage with different viewpoints.

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Example Body Paragraph Structure:

Paragraph ComponentDescription
Topic SentenceClearly states the main point or argument of the paragraph.
Evidence/ExamplesProvides supporting evidence or examples to strengthen the argument.
AnalysisAnalyzes and explains the significance of the evidence presented.
TransitionsUses transitions to smoothly guide the reader between paragraphs.
Addressing CounterargumentsAcknowledges and refutes opposing viewpoints.

By following these guidelines, you can structure your body paragraphs in an efficient and effective manner. Remember to always stay focused on your thesis and provide compelling evidence to support your claims. With this approach, you can develop strong, well-organized arguments in your academic writing.

How to Select Great Argumentative Research Paper Topics

1. Identify your interests:Think about subjects or issues that you are passionate about. Choosing a topic that genuinely interests you will make the research and writing process much more enjoyable and efficient.
2. Conduct thorough research:Before finalizing a topic, take the time to explore different areas and identify potential areas of debate or controversy. Look for scholarly articles, books, and reliable online resources to gain a comprehensive understanding of the subject.
3. Consider the audience:Think about who will be reading your paper. Choose a topic that is relevant and interesting to your intended audience, whether it’s your professor, classmates, or a wider academic community.
4. Look for a strong thesis claim:Try to find a topic that allows for a clear and arguable thesis statement. A strong thesis claim will make your argument more compelling and provide a solid foundation for your entire paper.
5. Consider the scope:Make sure your topic is neither too broad nor too narrow. It should be broad enough that you have enough research material to support your arguments, but narrow enough to allow for a focused and coherent discussion.
6. Seek permission if necessary:Some topics may require permission or special considerations, especially if they involve sensitive subjects or access to specific resources. Make sure to consult with appropriate authorities or seek guidance from your professor if needed.
7. Brainstorm and make a list:Take some time to brainstorm ideas and create a list of potential topics. Consider different disciplines such as history, psychology, philosophy, technology, education, government, and more. The more options you have, the better chance you have of finding a compelling topic.
8. Use resources like Purdue OWL:Purdue OWL (Online Writing Lab) is a fantastic resource for assistance with academic writing. They provide guidelines and examples for different types of papers, including argumentative essays. Utilize this resource to strengthen your writing skills.
9. Get inspired by real-life stories and current events:Look for news articles, case studies, or personal stories that are related to your subject. Real-life examples and current events can add a relevant and engaging element to your paper.
10. Go for a topic that sparks controversy:Controversial topics often generate lively discussions and allow you to present multiple perspectives in your paper. However, be mindful of presenting the arguments objectively and supporting them with credible evidence.
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Remember, selecting a great topic for your argumentative research paper is the first step towards writing an impressive and impactful paper. Take the time to choose wisely, and with careful research and preparation, you will be able to produce an excellent piece of academic writing that captivates your readers.


What is the purpose of the introduction in an argument paper?

The purpose of the introduction in an argument paper is to grab the reader’s attention, provide background information on the topic, and present the thesis statement or main argument of the essay.

How long should the body paragraphs of an argument paper be?

The length of the body paragraphs in an argument paper can vary, but it is generally recommended to have at least three paragraphs. Each paragraph should focus on a separate point or supporting evidence for the main argument.

What should be included in the conclusion of an argumentative essay?

In the conclusion of an argumentative essay, you should summarize the main points discussed in the body paragraphs and restate the thesis statement in a different way. It is also a good idea to leave the reader with a thought-provoking question or a call to action.

What are some controversial argumentative essay topics that can be used?

Some controversial argumentative essay topics include: gun control, abortion, capital punishment, legalization of marijuana, and animal rights.

Is it necessary to address counterarguments in an argument paper?

Yes, it is important to address counterarguments in an argument paper. By acknowledging and refuting opposing viewpoints, you can strengthen your own argument and demonstrate that you have thoroughly considered the topic.

What are the essential components of an argument paper?

An argument paper typically consists of an introduction, body paragraphs, and a conclusion. The introduction presents the topic and thesis statement, the body paragraphs provide evidence and analysis, and the conclusion restates the main argument and offers a final thought.

Alex Koliada, PhD

By Alex Koliada, PhD

Alex Koliada, PhD, is a well-known doctor. He is famous for studying aging, genetics, and other medical conditions. He works at the Institute of Food Biotechnology and Genomics. His scientific research has been published in the most reputable international magazines. Alex holds a BA in English and Comparative Literature from the University of Southern California, and a TEFL certification from The Boston Language Institute.