OASIS Writing Center: Your Source for Academic Writing Support

OASIS Writing Center: Your Source for Academic Writing Support

Welcome to the OASIS Writing Center! We are here to help you improve your academic writing skills and achieve success in your studies. Whether you are a first-year student or a graduate student, our team of experienced tutors is ready to assist you at any stage of the writing process. From brainstorming ideas to polishing your final draft, we are here to provide the support and guidance you need.

Within this article, we will explore the various aspects of academic writing and provide you with practical tips and guidelines to enhance your writing skills. The following sections will offer advice on choosing appropriate topics, organizing your thoughts, drafting clear and cohesive paragraphs, and more. We will also provide examples and exercises to help you practice and improve your writing abilities.



While writing an academic paper, it is also important to acknowledge and properly cite your sources. Whether you are quoting directly or paraphrasing someone else’s work, make sure to give credit where it is due. This not only shows your academic integrity but also adds credibility to your own arguments. Use the appropriate citation style, such as APA, MLA, or Chicago, as specified by your instructor or academic institution.

Remember, academic writing is a skill that can be developed and improved with practice. Don’t be discouraged by setbacks or initial challenges. Just like in any sport or exercise, the more you practice, the better you become. So, accept the challenge, follow the guidelines, and keep pushing forward. The OASIS Writing Center is here to support you every step of the way!

Chronological Order

Chronological order allows the reader to follow the progression of events and provides a clear structure for the writer’s thoughts. By analyzing the chronological order of events, the writer can prioritize and choose which points to include, ensuring that the most important information is covered.

To effectively use chronological order in your writing, it is important to provide transitions and clear signals to indicate the time or order in which the events occurred. This may include using words such as “first,” “next,” “then,” or “finally,” as well as using date or time markers.



Organizing Body Paragraphs

When using chronological order to organize the body paragraphs of your paper, it is important to start with a strong topic sentence that summarizes the main point of the paragraph. From there, use specific examples and evidence to support your argument.

For example, if you were writing a paper on the American Revolution, you could use chronological order to describe the events leading up to the revolution, the key battles, and the resolution. Each body paragraph would focus on a specific time period or event, explaining its significance and how it contributed to the overall narrative.

Choosing Transitions and Revising

When writing in chronological order, transitions between paragraphs and sentences are essential to maintain coherence and ensure a smooth flow of ideas. Transitions like “meanwhile,” “during this time,” or “following this event” can provide a clear link between ideas.



After drafting your paper, take the time to revise and check the organization. Read through your paper from start to finish, paying attention to the order of events and the transitions between paragraphs. This will help you identify any gaps or areas where the chronological order could be improved.

In summary, chronological order is a useful organizational tool when writing academic papers. It allows the writer to effectively organize their thoughts and arguments by following a logical sequence of events. By choosing the appropriate transitions and revising for coherence, you can ensure that your paper is well-organized and easy to follow.

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Organizing Body Paragraphs

1. Purpose-Based Organization:

2. Spatial Organization:

Another approach to organizing your body paragraphs is to use spatial order. This involves describing or explaining ideas based on their physical location or relationship to each other. For example, you may use spatial organization when discussing the layout of a city or the arrangement of objects in a painting. This style of organization can be particularly effective in evoking a specific image or setting in your readers’ minds.

3. Chronological Organization:

If you are writing a story or analyzing a video, organizing your body paragraphs chronologically can be a helpful approach. This entails presenting events or ideas in the order in which they occur, allowing your readers to easily follow the progression of your narrative or analysis.

Key Takeaways:

  • Organize your body paragraphs based on their purpose or function.
  • Consider using spatial organization to describe physical relationships or settings.
  • Chronological organization can be useful when writing narratives or analyzing sequences of events.
  • Use clear transitions to guide your readers from one paragraph to the next.
  • Ensure that each paragraph has a clear topic sentence that informs the reader of its main point.
  • Analyze and prioritize your evidence, placing the strongest examples or most important information at the beginning or end of each paragraph.
  • Summarize and expand upon your evidence, showing its relevance to your overall argument or analysis.

By organizing your body paragraphs in an orderly and logical manner, your writing will be more cohesive and easier to follow. Remember to use clear transitions between paragraphs and to maintain a consistent style and font throughout your paper.

Spatial Order

Organizing your writing using spatial order can help readers visualize and understand the content more effectively. It allows the writer to present information in a logical and coherent manner, making it easier for the reader to follow the flow of ideas.

One way to use spatial order in writing is by using paragraphs to represent different physical locations and describing the items or events within them. For example, in a story about a hiking trip, you might have a paragraph that describes the trees and landscape at the beginning of the trail, another paragraph that summarizes the key points of the hike, and a third paragraph that shows the view from the top of the mountain.

Spatial order can also be used to organize information within a paragraph. For example, if you are describing a room, you might start with a general overview of the room and then move from one corner to another, describing the furniture, decorations, or other essential items along the way.

When writing a descriptive or narrative essay using spatial order, it is essential to use transitions to connect different ideas and ensure a smooth flow of information. Transitions like “at the same time,” “next,” “before,” or “after” can help guide the reader through the chronological or spatial arrangement of the content.

Exercise 2: Writing at Work and Organizing Your Writing

There are several guidelines for organizing your writing. Here are some useful tips to expand your organizational skills:

  1. Start with a clear thesis statement: Your thesis should clearly state the main point or argument of your writing. It serves as a roadmap for your readers and helps them understand the purpose of your work.
  2. Plan before you write: Take some time to outline your thoughts and establish the overall structure of your piece. This will ensure that your ideas flow logically and coherently.
  3. Use transitional words and phrases: Transitional words and phrases help create coherence and smooth transitions between ideas and paragraphs. They guide readers through your writing, making it easier for them to follow your arguments.
  4. Break your writing into sections: Breaking your writing into sections with headings helps readers navigate through your work and find specific information easily. It also makes your writing more visually appealing and organized.
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Microsoft Word, for example, provides a range of organizational tools, including headings, table of contents, and formatting options. Using these tools can help you create a well-structured and organized document.

When organizing your writing, keep the reader in mind. Think about the most logical order to present your ideas and make sure each section builds upon the previous one. Your writing should have a coherent flow from start to finish.

Another important aspect of organization is evoking a sense of achievement. Organized writing gives the impression that you have put time and effort into your work and that your ideas are well thought out. This can enhance your credibility as a writer or student.

Organizational techniques can vary depending on the type of writing you are doing. For example, a descriptive essay may use spatial organization to paint a vivid picture, while a research paper may follow a more traditional structure with clearly defined sections.

Remember, organizing your writing is not limited to the content itself. The visual organization, including font choice, spacing, and use of headings, also plays a crucial role in making your work orderly and easy to follow.

In summary, organizing your writing is essential in academic and professional settings. It helps readers understand your thoughts and main points, creates a positive impression, and enhances your achievement as a writer. By planning, using transitions, breaking your writing into sections, and considering spatial arrangement, you can effectively organize your work and communicate your ideas.

Exercise 1, Exercise 4, and Drafting Body Paragraphs

Exercise 4 is an exercise that informs students about the importance of transitional words and phrases in their writing. These transitions act as bridges between different ideas or points, helping readers to follow the writer’s train of thought more easily. Students are taught how to use transitional words and phrases effectively to improve the overall flow and coherence of their writing.

Drafting Body Paragraphs provides students with the opportunity to practice writing body paragraphs that are organized and coherent. This exercise focuses on developing the skill of writing paragraphs with a clear topic sentence, supporting evidence or examples, and a concluding sentence. Students are encouraged to use specific examples and evidence to support their main points and to make their arguments more convincing and persuasive.

In order to effectively organize a body paragraph, students can use a combination of different organizational styles. The spatial style, for example, allows the writer to describe something in a specific order or arrangement, such as describing the layout of a room or the position of objects in a scene. The order of importance style is used to prioritize ideas or examples, placing the most important information first. The chronological style is used when describing events or a sequence of actions, presenting them in the order in which they occurred. Finally, the descriptive style is used to create a vivid and detailed picture in the readers’ minds, evoking emotions and making the writing more engaging.

Exercise 1: Organizing and Prioritizing Ideas

In Exercise 1, students are given a list of examples and asked to organize them in a logical and orderly manner within a body paragraph. The purpose of this exercise is to help students develop the skill of organizing their thoughts and ideas before they start writing. This exercise is especially useful for students who struggle with starting their papers or finding the right order for their information.

Exercise 4: Using Transitional Words and Phrases

Exercise 4 focuses on teaching students how to use transitional words and phrases effectively in their writing. Students are provided with a list of transitional words and phrases and are asked to match them to their appropriate uses. This exercise helps students to understand how transitional words and phrases can enhance the flow and coherence of their writing, making it easier for readers to follow their train of thought.

By completing these exercises, students will develop their skills in organizing their thoughts, using transitional words and phrases, and drafting body paragraphs. These skills are essential for academic achievement and will contribute to the overall quality of their papers.

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Purpose-Based Organization Strategies

One common purpose-based organization strategy is to use a chronological order. This is useful when you need to explain a series of events or steps in a specific order. For example, if you were writing an essay about the causes of World War I, you could use a chronological organization to describe the events leading up to the war and the sequence of important battles and decisions that occurred.

Another purpose-based organization strategy is to prioritize your points. This can be especially important when writing a persuasive or argumentative essay. By prioritizing your strongest points or arguments, you can make sure they are presented in a clear and effective way, increasing the strength of your overall argument.

  1. First and most importantly,
  2. view the organization of your writing as a way to guide readers through your ideas.
  3. Keep in mind the importance of transitions, which help to move your readers smoothly from one idea to the next.
  4. Use paragraphs to separate different ideas or topics within your writing.
  5. Make sure that each paragraph has a clear topic sentence that informs the reader what the paragraph will cover.
  6. Use examples, explanations, and evidence to support your points and provide further clarification.
  7. Analyze and explain the significance of your examples, and connect them back to your main thesis or arguments.
  8. In order to better organize your writing, consider creating an outline or a draft before you start writing.
  9. Consider using headings or subheadings to further organize your writing, especially for longer pieces of work. This can make it easier for readers to navigate your writing and find the information they need.
  10. Remember to proofread and revise your writing, checking for logical flow and coherence between sentences and paragraphs.
  11. Finally, make sure to use an appropriate font and formatting style that matches the expectations of your assignment or academic field.

By following these purpose-based organization strategies, you can improve the organization and readability of your academic writing. Remember, the goal is to present your ideas in a clear, logical, and compelling way that engages your readers and effectively communicates your message.

Chronological Paragraph – Key Takeaways and Tips

  1. Start with a clear thesis: Before writing a chronological paragraph, make sure you have a clear thesis statement that explains the purpose or main idea of the paragraph.
  2. Organize your thoughts: Before writing, organize your thoughts and decide on the key points or events that you want to include in the paragraph.
  3. Use transitions: To ensure an orderly and smooth flow of information, use transitional words and phrases to create clear transitions between events or steps.
  4. Follow a clear order: When writing a chronological paragraph, make sure to present the events or steps in a logical and chronological order.
  5. Expand on important points: If there are certain events or steps that are more important or significant, make sure to expand on them and provide more details or examples.
  6. Keep it clear and concise: Be concise in your writing and avoid unnecessary details or information. Stick to the main points and keep the paragraph focused.
  7. Analyze and explain: Don’t just list the events or steps, but also analyze and explain their significance or impact. Provide context and explain why they are important.
  8. Prioritize time order: Chronological paragraphs should prioritize time order above other organizational principles, such as importance or cause-effect relationships.
  9. Separate into paragraphs: If the chronological paragraph becomes too long or covers a wide range of events, consider separating it into smaller paragraphs to improve readability.
  10. Use descriptive language: Use descriptive language to engage the reader and create vivid imagery. For example, instead of “trees,” use “billowy turquoise trees” to paint a clearer picture.

Remember, the purpose of a chronological paragraph is to provide a clear and chronological view of events or steps. By following these guidelines and incorporating the tips mentioned above, you can create a well-structured and engaging chronological paragraph that effectively conveys your thoughts and information.

FAQ

What is the OASIS Writing Center?

The OASIS Writing Center is a place where students can go to get support for their academic writing.

How can the OASIS Writing Center help with organizing body paragraphs?

The OASIS Writing Center can provide guidance and tips on how to effectively organize body paragraphs in academic writing.

What is the purpose of drafting body paragraphs?

The purpose of drafting body paragraphs is to develop and expand on the main ideas and arguments of an academic paper.

What are some strategies for organizing body paragraphs?

Some strategies for organizing body paragraphs include using chronological order, order of importance, and spatial order.

Alex Koliada, PhD

By Alex Koliada, PhD

Alex Koliada, PhD, is a well-known doctor. He is famous for studying aging, genetics, and other medical conditions. He works at the Institute of Food Biotechnology and Genomics. His scientific research has been published in the most reputable international magazines. Alex holds a BA in English and Comparative Literature from the University of Southern California, and a TEFL certification from The Boston Language Institute.