The Outcome of Beowulf’s Battle with Grendel: A Defining Moment in Epic Heroism

The Outcome of Beowulf's Battle with Grendel: A Defining Moment in Epic Heroism

The battle between Beowulf, the powerful hero, and Grendel, the monstrous thief, is one of the most iconic events in the epic tale of Beowulf. This clash of strength and savagery establishes Beowulf as a legendary hero and sets the stage for the epic battles and feats that follow. Though Beowulf’s first encounter with Grendel is a test of his physical might, it also serves as a lesson in the power of courage and bravery in the face of overwhelming odds.

When Grendel attacks Heorot, the great hall of the Danish kings, he strikes fear into the hearts of all who reside within. The monstrous creature is relentless in his savage assaults, and the people of Heorot are defenseless against his power. Beowulf, however, is undeterred by Grendel’s might and decides to take matters into his own hands. Armed with his bare fists, Beowulf confronts Grendel in a battle that will ultimately determine the fate of Heorot and its people.

Beowulf’s bare-handed fight with Grendel exemplifies the hero’s exceptional strength and courage. The fact that he chooses to forego the use of weapons shows his confidence in his own abilities and establishes him as a true warrior. Beowulf’s physical prowess is further demonstrated when, in a desperate attempt to escape, Grendel tries to flee back to his lair. Beowulf, however, does not let him get away so easily and, with a firm grip, tears off Grendel’s arm, leaving him mortally wounded.

The outcome of Beowulf’s battle with Grendel is a turning point in the epic hero’s journey. It is a victory for Beowulf and a triumph for the people of Heorot, who can finally rest easy knowing that the monster who had plagued them for so long is now defeated. Beowulf’s success against Grendel also establishes him as a hero worthy of praise and admiration, as he single-handedly takes on a powerful foe and emerges victorious.

Though the battle with Grendel is a significant moment in Beowulf’s journey, it is not the last trial he must face. Beowulf’s encounters with Grendel’s mother and the dragon are still to come, and these battles will test him even further. However, the outcome of the battle with Grendel has set the stage for these future challenges, as Beowulf’s success against the monster has proven his worth as a hero and shown that he has the power to overcome any obstacle that stands in his way.

The Outcome of Beowulf’s Battle with Grendel

When Grendel first attacks the hall of the Danish king Hrothgar, it is clear that this monster poses a great threat to the kingdom. Grendel’s immense strength and ferocity make him a formidable adversary. But Beowulf, wearing his armor and wielding his mighty sword, is determined to confront this evil creature.

In their first battle, Beowulf unleashes a powerful blow that wounds Grendel, forcing him to retreat. This outcome shows Beowulf’s exceptional strength and skill in combat. But the battle is not over yet.

After a period of relative peace, Grendel’s mother seeks revenge for her son’s defeat. She attacks the hall, causing much destruction and chaos. Beowulf, without hesitation, dives into the murky depths of the waters to face her. Armed with a sword given to him by the Danish king, Beowulf fights fiercely against Grendel’s mother.

It is in this battle that Beowulf’s true heroism is revealed. Despite being outnumbered and faced with a powerful opponent, Beowulf perseveres. He eventually finds a way to defeat Grendel’s mother, using a magical sword that he discovers in her lair.

But Beowulf’s battles do not end there. In the last part of the epic, Beowulf faces his greatest challenge yet – a fierce dragon. This battle is different from the others, as Beowulf is no longer in his prime. However, he still fights with all his might, showing his unwavering bravery.

Beowulf’s final battle with the dragon has a tragic outcome. Though he is eventually able to kill the dragon, Beowulf is mortally wounded in the process. This last fight demonstrates the depth of Beowulf’s heroism – his willingness to sacrifice himself for the good of his people.

The outcome of Beowulf’s battles – defeating Grendel, killing Grendel’s mother, and fighting the dragon – solidifies his status as a legendary hero. Beowulf’s actions serve as a lesson to future generations of kings and warriors, establishing him as a role model for heroism and integrity.


  • Wikimedia
  • The Beowulf page 107
  • Video “Beowulf’s Battle with Grendel”
  • The Epic of Beowulf summary

A Defining Moment in Epic Heroism

Beowulf’s battle with Grendel is a fierce struggle, with both combatants using their full strength and power. Beowulf fights without any weapons, relying solely on his own physical prowess. Though Grendel is immensely powerful, Beowulf eventually manages to overpower him and tear off his arm, giving him a lesson he won’t forget.

After the battle with Grendel, Beowulf faces another formidable opponent: Grendel’s mother. This battle takes place underwater, in a dark and treacherous setting. Beowulf once again fights without weapons, relying on his strength and skill. With the help of a magical sword that he finds in the lair of Grendel’s mother, Beowulf is able to defeat her and bring an end to the threat she poses to the kingdom.

The outcome of these battles establishes Beowulf as a legendary hero who is willing to put his own life on the line to protect his people. He is not only physically powerful, but also possesses great courage and heroism. Beowulf’s victories over Grendel and his mother inspire awe and admiration in the minds of both his fellow warriors and the kings who seek his assistance.

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In summary, the outcome of Beowulf’s battle with Grendel is a defining moment in epic heroism. Beowulf’s powerful attacks and impressive feats of strength demonstrate his status as a true hero. The battles against Grendel and his mother test Beowulf’s abilities and showcase his bravery and skill. This period in Beowulf’s story is an important lesson in heroism, showing that true heroes are willing to face great danger and overcome impossible odds for the greater good.


– Wikimedia page on Beowulf – “Beowulf Fighting Grendel”

– Video summary of Beowulf’s battles with Grendel and Grendel’s mother

The Three Battles in Beowulf

The first battle occurs when Beowulf fights Grendel, the powerful monster who terrorized the kingdom of Hrothgar. Without any armor or weapons, Beowulf takes on Grendel with his bare hands and ultimately defeats him. This battle showcases Beowulf’s physical prowess and his willingness to face danger head-on.

The second battle takes place when Beowulf’s reputation as a hero attracts the attention of Grendel’s vengeful mother. In this fight, Beowulf dives into the treacherous waters to confront the sea monster. He wears armor and wields a powerful sword given to him by the king. Despite the challenges presented by fighting underwater, Beowulf emerges victorious, showcasing his adaptability and skill in combat.

The final and most significant battle occurs many years later when Beowulf faces off against a dragon that threatens his kingdom. This battle is particularly significant because it symbolizes the passing of the heroic age and the beginning of a new period. Beowulf, now an aged king, fights without the assistance of a sword, relying solely on his own strength and courage. With the help of his loyal thane, Wiglaf, Beowulf eventually defeats the dragon but loses his life in the process. This battle highlights Beowulf’s selflessness and his willingness to sacrifice himself for the greater good.

In summary, the three battles in Beowulf demonstrate Beowulf’s growth as a hero and his willingness to confront evil in all forms. These battles are not only physical tests of strength but also lessons in heroism and leadership. They showcase Beowulf’s relentless pursuit of justice and his unwavering commitment to protect his people. The outcome of each battle solidifies Beowulf’s status as an epic hero and leaves a lasting impact on the kingdom he swore to defend.


  • Beowulf: A New Translation by Maria Dahvana Headley
  • The Norton Anthology of English Literature: The Middle Ages – edited by Stephen Greenblatt
  • Image source: Wikimedia Commons
  • Video: Beowulf – Grendel Attacks the Hall (Retrieved from:

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Grendel, a monstrous creature who terrorizes the land of the Danes, attacks the warriors in the great hall known as Heorot. Despite their efforts, the Danes are unable to defeat Grendel, who seems impervious to their swords and weapons.

When Beowulf hears of these attacks, he travels to the land of the Danes to help. He arrives fully armored and ready for battle, vowing to fight Grendel without the use of weapons. This decision reflects Beowulf’s incredible strength and bravery, as he believes he can defeat the monster with his bare hands.

The battle between Beowulf and Grendel takes place in the hall, and Beowulf eventually manages to tear off Grendel’s arm, mortally wounding him. This victory is a testament to Beowulf’s physical prowess and establishes him as a legendary hero.

However, the outcome of Beowulf’s battle with Grendel is not the end of the story. Grendel’s mother, seeking revenge for her son’s death, attacks the Danes and battles Beowulf in the murky waters of a lake. This is another defining moment for Beowulf, as he must fight a powerful and formidable opponent.

Beowulf, armed with a magical sword provided by the king, eventually defeats Grendel’s mother by decapitating her. This victory once again reaffirms Beowulf’s heroic status and solidifies his reputation as a fearless warrior.

In the final part of the poem, Beowulf is faced with another challenge – a mighty dragon. Despite being older and less powerful, Beowulf fights the dragon without fear, knowing that this battle will be his last. With the help of his loyal warrior Wiglaf, Beowulf manages to kill the dragon, but not without suffering a mortal injury.

The outcome of Beowulf’s battles with Grendel, Grendel’s mother, and the dragon is a crucial lesson in epic heroism. Beowulf’s unwavering bravery and determination to protect his people, even in the face of seemingly insurmountable odds, highlight his heroic qualities. These battles are what define Beowulf as a legendary hero, giving him a place among the great kings and warriors of history.

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Overall, the outcome of Beowulf’s battles with Grendel and other adversaries showcase the power and heroism of the legendary hero. These events establish Beowulf as a figure worth emulating, as they demonstrate the importance of bravery, righteousness, and selflessness in the face of adversity.

Summary of Beowulf Attacks Grendel’s Mother

Before diving into the fight, Beowulf equips himself with a powerful weapon – a sword forged by giants. Wearing heavy armor, he plunges into the depths, battling against the currents and creatures, until he reaches Grendel’s mother.

Grendel’s mother, an avenging force, tries three times to kill Beowulf, but his armor protects him from her initial attacks. In this fierce struggle, Beowulf realizes that his sword is useless against his opponent’s tough skin. Realizing he needs a different weapon, he spots a magical sword hanging on the wall.

Beowulf seizes the powerful weapon, a relic from ancient times, and strikes a mighty blow at Grendel’s mother. The sword slices through her neck, ultimately killing her and ending her reign of terror.

After the battle, Beowulf searches the underwater lair and discovers Grendel’s corpse. In a further display of heroism, he decapitates Grendel, carrying the trophy back with him to the surface.

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This epic battle between Beowulf and Grendel’s mother establishes Beowulf’s strength, bravery, and resourcefulness. It showcases his ability to adapt and overcome obstacles, demonstrating his heroic qualities.

Beowulf’s Legacy

Beowulf’s triumph over Grendel’s mother solidifies his status as a legendary hero in the eyes of the Geats and the Danes. The victory in this battle is a defining moment in his heroism, adding to his already impressive list of accomplishments.

In addition, the battles with Grendel and his mother serve as a lesson for future generations. Beowulf’s bravery and unwavering determination teach others the value of standing up against evil, even when faced with overwhelming odds.


– “Beowulf attacking the dragon.” Wikimedia Commons, 107.

– “Beowulf fighting Grendel’s mother.” Wikimedia Commons, 107.

This page references

Grendel is a feared monster, a thief of human lives, and has terrorized the Danes for a long period. The outcome of this battle is a significant event because it marks Beowulf’s first major fight as a hero. Beowulf comes to the aid of Hrothgar, the king of the Danes, and vows to rid them of the monster.

Without any weapon or armor, Beowulf takes on Grendel barehanded. This decision shows his confidence and his desire to fight the monster on an equal playing field. Beowulf’s strength is evident when he grapples with Grendel, eventually tearing off his arm. This victory solidifies Beowulf as an epic hero and demonstrates his superhuman abilities.

Following the outcome of the battle with Grendel, Beowulf faces another challenge when he battles Grendel’s mother. This fight takes Beowulf into the depths of a murky lake, where he eventually defeats the monster by using a magical sword he discovers. This battle further showcases Beowulf’s bravery and his willingness to risk his life to protect others.

The outcome of these battles between Beowulf and the monsters establishes him as a hero not only for the Danes but for future generations. Beowulf’s victories teach a valuable lesson: that even in the face of great evil, a single individual can make a difference. His fights against Grendel and Grendel’s mother show that heroism is not just about physical strength, but also about courage, determination, and selflessness.


1. Beowulf. (n.d.). In Wikipedia. Retrieved June 16, 2022, from

2. Kings of Denmark. (2022, March 24). In Wikimedia Commons. Retrieved June 16, 2022, from

3. “Beowulf Summary.” (2022). In SparkNotes. Retrieved June 16, 2022, from

4. Beowulf fights Grendel’s mother. (107). [Video File]. In YouTube. Retrieved June 16, 2022, from

Table of Contents

Summary Heroism in Beowulf Beowulf’s Battles

Lesson 107: Beowulf’s Last Battle

Beowulf’s battles with Grendel and Grendel’s mother were fought with bare hands and swords. In these battles, Beowulf’s immense strength and courage are demonstrated above all else. He defeats Grendel and his mother, giving him the reputation of a powerful and fearless hero.

The battle with the dragon, however, is a different story. Beowulf is now an aging king who no longer possesses the same physical strength he once had. In spite of this, he takes up his sword and armor to face the dragon, knowing that it could be his last fight.

The Fight with the Dragon

The battle with the dragon is a battle of life and death for Beowulf. He fights with all of his might, but the dragon is powerful and his fire-breathing abilities make him a formidable opponent. Beowulf tries to strike the dragon with his sword, but the blade fails to pierce the dragon’s tough scales.

In this moment, a thief who had previously stolen a valuable cup from the dragon’s hoard reveals himself. This thief’s actions were the cause of the dragon’s anger and now Beowulf must face the consequences.

Wiglaf’s Role

Beowulf is eventually weakened and in need of assistance. Only one warrior, Wiglaf, remains by his side. Wiglaf recognizes the importance of loyalty and honor, and he chooses to help his king in his time of need.

Together, Beowulf and Wiglaf continue to fight the dragon. Beowulf is finally able to deliver a fatal blow to the dragon, but not without being mortally wounded himself.

In the end, Beowulf’s last battle highlights the importance of loyalty, honor, and sacrifices made for the greater good. Although Beowulf loses his life, he leaves behind a legacy of bravery and heroism that will be remembered for generations to come.


In lesson 107 of Beowulf, the last battle showcases the hero’s determination and courage. Beowulf fights without the same physical power he once had, but his selflessness and willingness to sacrifice himself for his people demonstrate his true heroism. This lesson serves as a reminder that true heroes are not defined by their physical strength, but by their actions and the impact they have on others.

For more information on Beowulf’s last battle, you can refer to the references listed above or watch the video on this page.


What is the outcome of Beowulf’s battle with Grendel?

The outcome of Beowulf’s battle with Grendel is his victory. Beowulf manages to defeat Grendel by tearing his arm off, causing him immense pain. Grendel flees back to his lair and eventually dies from his injuries. Beowulf’s triumph over Grendel marks a defining moment in epic heroism.

How does Beowulf defeat Grendel?

Beowulf defeats Grendel by using his incredible strength and bravery. When Grendel attacks Heorot, Beowulf engages in hand-to-hand combat with him. With his bare hands, Beowulf manages to grab hold of Grendel’s arm and tears it off. This causes Grendel immense pain, and he retreats back to his lair, where he eventually dies. Beowulf’s victory over Grendel showcases his heroic abilities.

What role does Beowulf’s battle with Grendel play in the story?

Beowulf’s battle with Grendel is a significant moment in the story and plays a crucial role in defining Beowulf as an epic hero. By defeating Grendel, Beowulf proves his superior strength, bravery, and ability to protect his people. This battle sets the tone for the rest of the story and establishes Beowulf as a legendary figure.

What happens to Grendel after his battle with Beowulf?

After his battle with Beowulf, Grendel retreats back to his lair, severely injured from having his arm torn off. The wound proves to be fatal, and Grendel dies from his injuries. Beowulf’s victory over Grendel brings peace to Heorot and signifies the end of Grendel’s reign of terror.

Alex Koliada, PhD

By Alex Koliada, PhD

Alex Koliada, PhD, is a well-known doctor. He is famous for studying aging, genetics, and other medical conditions. He works at the Institute of Food Biotechnology and Genomics. His scientific research has been published in the most reputable international magazines. Alex holds a BA in English and Comparative Literature from the University of Southern California, and a TEFL certification from The Boston Language Institute.